In its interaction with whistleblowers, the NACP uses the wording provided in the Law of Ukraine on Prevention of Corruption. This Law outlines several important conditions that determine the whistleblower. Thus, a whistleblower is an individual that:
- Has information about alleged corruption offenses – factual data, namely on the circumstances of the offense, the place and time of its commission and the person that committed the offense;
- Is convinced in the accuracy of such information;
- Received this information in the course of employment, professional, economic, social, scientific activities, service or training.
If at least one of these conditions is not met, the person cannot be considered a whistleblower and the NACP cannot consider the report from that person.
The information on corruption offenses can be reported through special channels:
- Internal – to the head or authorized unit or person of the body or legal entity where the whistleblower works;
- Regular – to specially authorized anti-corruption entities, pre-trial investigation bodies, bodies responsible for monitoring compliance with laws in relevant areas, other state bodies, institutions, and organizations;
- External – through media, journalists, public associations, trade unions etc.
However, if a person reports information that clearly contains the manifestations of corruption in a letter or during a personal reception, such information is also considered a whistleblower report if all of the above conditions are met.